Senior Academic Staff
Dr. Hannah Schürenberg-Frosch
- Consultation Hour:
- Do, 11 - 12 am
Find a complete CV here
- February 2012: graduation: Dr. rer. pol, Dissertation: Development aid and public investment programs in Sub-Sahara Africa
- 2007-2011: PhD studies, University Duisburg-Essen
- September 2007: Master of Arts in Economics, Thesis: Scaling up Aid to Africa - A CGE analysis for Zambia
- October 2005 - August 2007: University Duisburg-Essen: Master studies in Economics
- September 2005: Bachelor of Arts in International Business Studies (with Thesis)
- October 2002 - September 2005: University of Paderborn: Bachelor studies in International Business Studies, English and French
- April 2009: 5th Ruhr Graduate Summer School: Economic Modeling with GAMS/MPSGE - Trade Modeling. Instructor: James Markusen.
- September 2008: 4th Ruhr Graduate Summer School: Economic Modeling with GAMS/MPSGE - Energy and Climate Modeling. Instructor: Christoph Böhringer.
- September 2007: 3rd Ruhr Graduate Summer School: Computable General Equilibrium Models with GAMS/MPSGE. Instructors: David Tarr and Sergey Paltsev.
- Juli 2008: Kiel Summer School on Economic Policy: Development Policy
Selected Work Experience:
- Since 2012: Post-Doc Researcher , Chair of International Economics, University Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen
- 2010: Consultant, CGE-Modeling - Aid effectiveness and policy evaluation
- October 2007 - January 2012: Research and teaching assistant for Prof. Dr. Volker Clausen, Chair of International Economics, University Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen
- April 2007 – September 2007:Student assistant for Prof. Dr. Volker Clausen, Chair of International Economics, University Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen
- January 2007 - August 2007:Student assistant for Prof. Dr. Walter Assenmacher, Chair of Statistics and Econometrics, University Duisburg-Essen, Campus Essen
- September 2006 – October 2006: Visiting Researcher, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Research Area Poverty Reduction, Equity and Development (PRE
- September 2004 – October 2004: Internship, Ministry of the Environment and Conservation, Agriculture and Consumer Protection of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia, department for development policy, peace and stability
Fields of Research:
- Development Economics
- Determinants of Transport Costs
- Public investment in education
- Economic Development in Sub-Sahara Africa
- Foreign Aid, Aid effectiveness
- Public investment in developing countries
- Modeling infrastructure
- Computable General Equilibrium models (in GAMS)
Work in Progress:
- Assessment of the impact of misspecification of Armington elasticities in CGE models
- Estimation of Armington elasticities for a wide range of countries (together with Zoryana Olekseyuk)
- Determinants of structural differences in estimated Armington elasticities
- The effects of small-scale usage of vegetable oil in rural communities in Zambia (together with Dr. Linda Kleeman, IfW Kiel)
- Modeling the effect of CDM-like investment on the receiving economy (together with Iva Hristova)
- Sectoral and distributional effects of increased aid flows to Africa - Results from CGE models
- Effects from increased budgetary support in Zambia (in cooperation with AIID; www.aiid.org/page.php)
- Modeling public investment in developing country CGE models
- The effects of rural roads infrastructure in African countries - theoretical and empirical contribution
- The effects of better schooling on the labor market in African economies
- Olekseyuk, Z.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Are Armington Elasticities Different Across Aountries and Sectors? A European Study. In: Economic Modelling (2016) No 55, p. 328-342. Full textCitationDetails
- Olekseyuk, Z.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Are Armington Elasticites Different Across Countries and Sectors? - A European Study, Ruhr Economic Papers, 2014. Full textCitationDetails
- Schuerenberg-Frosch, H.: Improving Africa’s Roads: - Modelling Infrastructure Investment and Its Effect on Sectoral Production Behaviour. In: Development Policy Review (2014) No 32/3, p. 327-353. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12058CitationAbstractDetails
Given the scarce resources for public investment in developing countries, policy analysis should include a detailed perspective on the effects of infrastructure. This article develops a modelling framework for analysing the effects of improved road infrastructure on the economy of African countries. The theoretical framework is tested empirically and used for simulations in a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model, and the effects on production and welfare are analysed. The model also serves to investigate the effect of roads on the economic participation of rural households.
- Schuerenberg-Frosch, H.: How To Model A Child In School? - A Dynamic Macrosimulation Study For Tanzania. In: South African Journal of Economics (2014) No 83/1, p. 117-139. doi:10.1111/saje.12042Full textCitationDetails
- Clausen, V.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Aid, Spending Strategies and Productivity Effects - A Multi-Sectoral CGE-Analysis for Zambia. In: Economic Modelling (2012) No 29/6, p. 2254-2268. CitationAbstractDetails
Numerous econometric studies fail to detect a significant and robust relationship between international aid and economic growth in the recipient countries. Dutch Disease effects might be responsible for this result. This paper examines the relation between aid and its effectiveness in a multi-sector multi-household Computable General Equilibrium (CGE)-framework. Given that international transfers to African countries increasingly take the form of general financial support to the government, different spending strategies and their macroeconomic, sectoral and distributional effects are evaluated in a two-stage simulation making a distinction between immediate direct effects and possible long-run effects from increased productivity. The presence of sector-specific factors weakens Dutch Disease effects and shifts the burden of adjustment primarily to other exporting sectors. While the model simulates the effects of additional aid in Zambia it can be used as a blueprint for other African countries.
- Clausen, V.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Private Consumption and Cyclical Asymmetries in the Euro Area. In: Intereconomics (2012) No 47/3, p. 190-196. Full textCitationDetails
- Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Development aid and public investment programs in Sub-Sahara Africa - Modeling aid-financed investment in infrastructure and education and estimating relevant parameters (1). Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen 2012. CitationAbstractDetails
From the perspective of Sub-Saharan Africa, the history of developmental aid is mostly a recollection of drawbacks and failures, although few success stories can be told as well. Over the last thirty years, many countries have received abundant developmental assistance, yet they are still struggling to reach adequate levels of human development. Many researchers, journalists and politicians, both from Africa and the Western countries, call for a substantial reformulation and reform of the international development aid framework. Consequently, research on the effects of developmental aid is crucial in the process of designing an informed new development agenda. At the same time it is important to understand how additional investments could operate and which effects are probable or possible for each of the specific fields. Additional indirect effects, may they be positive or negative, should be taken into account.
This dissertation aims at providing insights into the aspects listed above by integrating development assistance and sector development programs into adequate economy-wide models for Sub-Saharan African states. The Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) methodology belongs to the standard toolkit of economic policy consulting. This thesis comprises three different CGE models complemented by an econometric study. The models elaborate on various aspects of aid-financed development programs. The here-presented models are an important contribution to the respective modeling literature and add detail to their existing counterparts, especially in regards to the modeling of government behavior and the endogenous households' skill choice for their child members. The third model is a recursive-dynamic model which integrates educational production as well as the choice between child labor supply and schooling.
The second chapter in this dissertation focuses on the direct spending effect resulting from development aid being paid to the government of an African state. It investigates whether so called Dutch Disease effects from aid are possible and probable, yet it goes beyond the Dutch Disease literature. The model and the analysis distinguish between different aid-spending strategies on the one hand and the possible second-round effect on productivity on the other. The paper presents an application of the model to Zambia and subsequently incorporates the notion of enclave sectors in the economy (which is often the case in countries with large natural resources). Of the following three chapters each concentrates on distinctive areas where development aid might be invested in a way that fosters productivity.
Chapter three shows how the effects of infrastructure improvements can be explicitly captured in a CGE model setup. In contrast to many other studies, the paper depicts infrastructure as a transport cost-reducing element which improves market access by providing a low cost alternative to transportation services. The paper emphasizes the positive effect of an improved road network for market access, as well as its effects on home consumption and small-scale farming.
Chapter four extends the econometric analysis of infrastructure in the third chapter and elaborates further on the econometric relationship between transport costs and the status of the road network. The paper combines input-output data, road network data, meteorological as well as geographical data in order to analyze the key factors determining transport costs across countries in a pooled estimation. The paper contributes to the transportation literature by developing and applying a new measure for transport costs. Noteworthy differences between developed and developing countries are identified, which leads to the conclusion that evidence on the success of road network projects in industrialized countries cannot be easily transferred to the developing countries.
The last paper explores yet another important area of development policy: educational policy. It embeds the labor force effects from increased enrollment under different circumstances within a very detailed recursive-dynamic CGE model. The main advancement, as compared to other CGE studies in this field, lies in the explicit modeling of the educational process itself. The model carefully considers the short term requirements in terms of skilled staff and physical schooling facilities, which require financing in order to increase enrollment, as well as the long term effects of the above on skilled labor provision. Moreover, the paper looks into the trade-off between current foregone earnings from child labor and future possible returns from higher education, doing so by including child labor into the model.
- Clausen, V.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Unterschiedliche nationale Konsumfunktionen als Quelle konjunktureller Asymmetrien in Europa?. In: Schröder, Hendrik; Clausen, Volker; Behr, Andreas (Ed.): Essener Beiträge zur empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung. Springer Gabler, 2012, p. 53-74. CitationDetails
- Schuerenberg-Frosch, H.: One Model Fits All? - Determinants of Transport Costs Across Sectors and Country Groups, 122 . Göttingen, University Of (Ed.), CEGE Discussion Paper, 2011. CitationDetails
- Schuerenberg-Frosch, H.: Improving on Africa's Roads - Modeling Infrastructure Investment and its Effect on Subsistence Agriculture, 45. Research Commitee for Development Economics, Verein für Socialpolitik (Ed.), Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2010. CitationDetails
- Clausen, V.; Schürenberg-Frosch, H.: Aid, Spending Strategies and Productivity Effects - A Multi-Sectoral CGE-Analysis for Zambia, 127. Ruhr Economic Papers, Essen 2009. (ISBN 978-3-86788-142-5) CitationAbstractDetails
Numerous econometric studies fail to detect a signicant and robust relationship
between international aid and economic growth in the recipient countries.
Dutch Disease effects might be responsible for this result.This paper examines
the relation between aid and its effectiveness in a multi-sector multihousehold
Computable General Equilibrium (CGE)-framework. Given that
international transfers to African countries increasingly take the form of general
financial support to the government, different spending strategies and
their macroeconomic, sectoral and distributional effects are evaluated in a
two-stage simulation making a distinction between immediate direct effects
and possible long-run effects from increased productivity. While the model
simulates the effects of additional aid in Zambia it can be used as a blueprint
for other African countries.
- 10. Göttinger Workshop "Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen": "Sectoral and distributional
effects of increased aid flows to Africa - A CGE analysis for Zambia", 11. April 2008.
- 3rd Development Conference of the GRES, Université Bordeaux IV: "Aid, Spending Strategies and Sectoral Reallocation - A multi-sectoral CGE analysis for Zambia", 12. Juni 2009.
- Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, 9.-11.9.2009: "Aid, Spending Strategis and Productivity Effects - A multi-sectoral CGE analysis for Zambia."
- 12. Göttinger Workshop "Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen": "Improving on Africa's Roads - Modeling Infrastructure Investment and its effect on Subsistence Agriculture", 26.02.2010. Paper
- Spring Meeting of Young Economists, Luxemburg, 15. - 17.04.2010: "Improving on Africa's Roads - Modeling Infrastructure Investment and its effect on Subsistence Agriculture", 15.04.2010.
- Annual Conference of the Research Commitee on Development Economics (AEL) of the German Economics Association. 18-19 June, Hannover.
- 13. Göttinger Workshop "Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen": "The determinants of transport costs across countries and sectors. 16-18 February 2011, Göttingen.
- Annual Conference of the Irish Economic Association: "One Model fits all? The determinants of transport costs across countries", 14-16 April, Limerick. Paper
- Annual GTAP Conference on Global Economic Analysis: "Improving Africa's Roads - Modeling the effects of public investment in infrastructure on sectoral production behaviour", 16-18 June 2011, Venice. Paper
- accepted: Nordic Conference on Development Economics: "Aid, Spending Strategies and Productivity Effects - A multisectoral CGE analysis for Zambia", Copenhague, 20-21 June 2011.
- Annual GTAP Conference on Global Economic Analysis: "How to model a child in school - A dynamic macro-simulation for Tanzania", June 2012, Geneva. Paper
- Macroeconomics I
- Macroeconomics II
- Introduction to Growth Theory
- Introduction to Development Economics
- Seminar: Globalization - China's role in the World Economy
- Seminar: Focusing on Europe - Topics in the EURO and european context
- Theory and applications on international capital allocation
- Quantitative modeling in international economics
- Econometric applications in International Economics
- German Economic Association
- European Economic Association
- GTAP Network
- Alumni Business and Economics Department Essen
- Member of the selection commitee for the MSc Economics
- delegate in the Board of the Institute for Business and Economics Studies (IBES)
- Applied Economics Quarterly
- World Development
- South African Journal of Economics
- International Economics and Economic Policy
- Emerging Markets, Finance and Trade
- Economic Systems